Materijali za rad u bilingvalnom smeru
BRANCHES OF PHILOSOPHY
- SOCIAL PHILOSOPHY (POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY, LEGAL PHILOSOPHY)
- PHILOSOPHY OF LANGUAGE
- PHILOSOPHY OF MIND
Logic is a branch of mathematics and a branch of philosophy.
Greek „logos“ has a variety of meanings including word, thought, idea, argument, account, reason or principle.
Logic is the study of correcness or incorrectness of reasoning, or the study of the principles and criteria of valid inference and demonstration. It attempts to distinguish good reasoning from bad reasoning.
In Aristotle’s oppinion logic is a „necessary reasoning„, because its conclusions are inescapable.
Logic studies formal systems of inference and arguments in natural language.